Finding the best solution to clad buildings is important for several reasons – as well as defining the look and feel of your design, it also has a major role to play in the safety and longevity of your building. Choosing exterior wood cladding offers many benefits over alternatives, including sustainability, durability, and visual appeal.
With a vast range of cladding options to choose from, this decision can be difficult to make without the right knowledge. That’s why we’ve created this timber cladding guide.
We have identified the key factors to consider when selecting exterior timber cladding materials, walking you through some of the most popular timber species that you can choose between and the features and benefits they offer.
Before we get into the details of what you should consider when choosing wooden cladding, you might be wondering whether timber is the best option for your cladding projects in the first place.
There are a number of considerations to keep in mind when selecting a cladding material, with multiple options that could be right for you depending on your priorities in terms of looks, quality and functionality, including stone, brick, concrete, tiles, PVCu, glass, and metals such as steel and aluminum.
We firmly believe that timber cladding is the way to go though, and here’s why:
Being renewable, recyclable and biodegradable, timber clad buildings offer numerous long-term sustainability benefits over the alternatives. Despite being a natural material, timber offers quite good quality, weather resistance and thermal insulation.
Wood production also boasts lower carbon emissions than options like brick and steel, and this natural material can also help enhance the wellbeing of inhabitants when it is used in abuilding by reducing stress and enhancing concentration.
As sustainability considerations are more important for building and construction sector, timber is increasingly popular choice.
Powerhouse Telemark offers a sustainable model for the future of workspaces. Snøhetta architects built the it to be as energy-efficient as possible, and much of it, including its windows, are covered with Thermory pine boards.
Powerhouse Telemark sets a new standard for the construction of environmentally sustainable buildings by reducing its yearly net energy consumption by 70% compared to similar new-construction offices, and by producing more energy than it will consume over its entire lifespan.
There is a certain beauty to wood. Simply put, timber-clad buildings look great – and they will never go out of fashion. It is a traditional, high quality cladding option that can be used in very modern ways. Timber cladding works equally well for residential and commercial projects.
There are many creative ways to use timber for your cladding, including using different species, shades or colors to create an accent, laying the panels in an attractive pattern or choosing a distinctive style such as charred timber.
Architects from Contekton Arkitekter Fyrstad AB have mixed Thermory’s Benchmark thermo-ash cladding boards with Shingles for building a schoolhouse in Sweden.
Timber is has been used for construction for centuries and the quality stands the test of time. As a material that is natural, familiar and lightweight yet strong, timber cladding is easy to install, repair and replace, and presents no unwanted surprises.
Thermally modified cladding is also highly durable, making it a serious alternative to materials that are traditionally considered to be longer-lasting. As the nutrients in wood are modified during thermal modification, there is less risk of insect attack and no chemical treatments are needed.
Timber provides almost limitless customization options, with a vast range of timber species, finishes, colors and profiles on offer.
It’s easy to enhance the look of your cladding boards by applying paint or other protective coatings, and the range of looks you can achieve is virtually endless, with options for vertical or horizontal boards, tiled finishes, or install them in any pattern you can think of.
Another advantage is that timber cladding is flexible in its usage, making it equally suitable for both private homes and commercial buildings.
Compared to other options, timber cladding is often cheaper to buy and easier to get hold of, which is a big part of its popularity. With simple fixing methods, it is also easy to install. This makes timber a suitable option also for self-builders.
There are many different species to choose between for your cladding, each with its own features to suit your individual needs and preferences. These species offer different options when it comes to color, hardness, strength and resilience.
Ash is a light-colored, versatile hardwood that offers exceptional durability and rot resistance, impressive sustainability credentials and attractive grain that will visually enhance any surface.
Thermally modified ash has a beautiful, deep color, making it a great alternative to tropical hardwood.
There are a number of pine species available for your cladding projects, including Scots pine with its distinctive knots and the relatively knot-free radiata pine. Compared to other similar softwoods, pine offers some of the best rot resistance and durability and as a fast-growing wood, there is usually plenty of supply at affordable prices.
Spruce is ideal as a softwood option that offers strong rot resistance and longevity while also boasting a golden-brown tone and a rustic knotted look. Thermory’s Nordic spruce comes with the Nordic Swan Ecolabel, which certifies that it is chemical-free, durable and sourced from responsibly managed forests.
There are several types of cedar available. This attractive softwood features a relatively straight grain and is ideal for outdoor use as it is resistant to rot and moisture.
A popular species across Europe due to its toughness and visual appeal, oak is often used to make furniture. Because it is resistant to moisture, it is also good in outdoor environments, making it a handy option for timber cladding.
Mahogany is a classy wood that is relatively hard with a deep reddish-brown color and a straight grain. It is less popular these days as it is not as sustainable as some other options, but it is ideal for creating an impressive, stately look for your timber cladding.
Birch is a hardwood that is commonly found in northern Europe. As a fast-growing tree with a hardy timber that resists the elements well, it’s a great choice for outdoor timber cladding boards. Birch also has a unique pale appearance, although the different varieties offer some color variation, with white, yellow and reddish tints to choose between.
Thermal modification is a chemical-free process that enhances the appearance and durability of the timber board and makes it more resistant to rot and insect attack by treating it with heat and steam.
For instance, Thermory’s thermally modified ash offers comparable durability to tropical hardwoods like teak that are often chosen for this feature, but with better dimensional stability due to a reduction in water absorption, a lighter weight, more uniform color and, because many tropical woods are harvested at the expense of endangered rainforest habitats, a production process that is significantly more sustainable.
It’s also worth noting that using thermally modified wood for cladding negates many of the drawbacks often associated with timber cladding, such as being prone to rotting or twisting caused by moisture damage and being vulnerable to infestation from parasites such as mold or bacteria, meaning it doesn’t have to be replaced or maintained anywhere near as often.
In addition, because no chemicals are used in the thermal modification process the timber doesn’t need to be disposed of as hazardous waste when it does eventually come to the end of its lifecycle – instead, the natural material can be repurposed, recycled or composted to give it a new lease of life.
As a natural material, timber ages gradually over time whether it has been thermally modified or not. This means that it requires regular maintenance to retain its optimum performance for as long as possible.
Like all timber, the colour of thermowood will change over time, fading to an attractive gray. This process is caused by exposure to rain, wind, and UV light from the sun, the colour of timber cladding may fade unevenly depending on where it is placed.
Some see it as part of the beauty of natural material, however, if preferred, this process can be slowed down by regular treatments such as painting or oiling the surface of the timber– and while standard timber products must be treated in this way every few years, thermal modification makes this interval significantly longer.
If you’re planning a cladding project in the near future, material selection is a really important aspect of finding the right solution, and as you can see there are many factors to consider. By presenting the key benefits of using thermally modified wood for this purpose and comparing the features of different types of timber, we hope this article has helped you in this process.
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Thermory Benchmark thermo-ash cladding
Thermory Benchmark thermo-ash C4J 20x52 mm / thermo-ash D4 sg 20x112 mm / Kyte thermo-aspen 15x60 mm / aspen STEP 27x64 mm / aspen STF 15x120, 15x85, 15x65 mm / aspen SHP 28x42 mm
Thermory Benchmark thermo-ash decking D4, cladding C4J, wall panelling C7J and flooring F3
BENCHMARK THERMO-PINE CLADDING C4 20x115 / 26x 115, DECKING D4 26x115
THERMORY THERMO-PINE MIX & MATCH CLADDING
THERMORY BENCHMARK THERMO-SPRUCE BRUSHED CLADDING, THERMO-ASH DECKING AND FLOORING
THERMORY BENCHMARK THERMO-PINE CLADDING C4
THERMORY BENCHMARK THERMO-PINE CLADDING AND ROOFING
THERMORY BENCHMARK THERMO-RADIATA PINE CLADDING C3
THERMORY DRIFT THERMO-SPRUCE CLADDING
THERMORY BENCHMARK THERMO-PINE CLADDING C3 20X115 MM, ROOFING C10 20X140 MM AND DECKING D4 SG 26X140
THERMORY BENCHMARK THERMO-PINE CLADDING C8 26X140 MM
THERMORY BENCHMARK THERMO-ASH AND THERMORY SHINGLES WALL PANELLING
THERMORY BENCHMARK THERMO-ASH CLADDING C5 20X72/140/190MM, BRUSHED AND THERMO-ASH MEDIUM FLOORING F5 18X245